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Pakistan Elections 2024: Rigging vs Resistance, Mafia vs Mandate

Pakistan elections 2024 were marred by irregularities, but the massive voter turnout swamped the efforts of rigging. This article will cover the many cases of rigging, which we will keep updating as more cases come to light.

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Pakistan elections 2024

Pakistan General Elections 2024 were neither free nor fair. The entire election process was marred by irregularities and injustice, and the attempts to push the largest political party, Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI), out of contention were blatantly executed. The party’s chairman, former prime minister, Imran Khan, was disqualified and jailed over bogus charges. The party faced a state-backed crackdown, including abductions and “forced divorces.” Leaders and workers were either jailed or forced to go underground. The party’s workers were picked up and tortured, and its electoral symbol was denied through a contentious verdict, forcing the party’s backed candidates to run as independents with individual symbols. Moreover, multiple electoral nominees backed by PTI saw their candidatures rejected by the Election Commission of Pakistan, and those who were able to participate were not allowed to campaign.

This is the background in which Pakistan Elections 2024 took place, and yet, this was not all that was done to jeoperdize the electoral process. Other tactics to subvert the process and the will of the people were employed on election day: 

  • Internet and mobile phone services were shut down across the country
  • Various polling stations did not open on time
  • Polling agents of specific political parties were not allowed inside some polling stations
  • The polling process was slowed down deliberately, with long queues observed near the end-time
  • Election results were withheld and delayed
  • RO offices where tabulation was underway sealed by police and rangers, and the candidates not allowed in 
  • Major discrepancies in results between Forms 45 (the tally of votes from all polling stations) and Form 47 (the consolidated result, formed by adding up the counts from Form 45)

Despite everything done to make Pakistan Elections 2024 controversial and ineffective, Imran Khan and PTI-backed independent candidates defied the odds and thrived in the elections. In the turbulent 24 hours following Pakistan’s elections, the U.S.-backed military was unable to suppress PTI, and the massive turnout swamped the military’s efforts to rig the elections. 

Results from polling stations indicated a landslide victory for PTI-backed candidates, with Nawaz Sharif’s politics, even in its former stronghold of Punjab, facing decimation. The people of Pakistan entrusted a 2/3rd majority to Imran Khan in the National, Punjab, and KP assemblies, along with landslide victories in Islamabad and Karachi, as confirmed by Form 45s.

Pakistan elections 2024 results
Initial election results, reported on Express News at 9:21 pm, on 8 Feb, 2024

Unfortunately, even though the public’s decision was quite evident, the military decided to intervene and manipulate the election results. Ongoing efforts involve threatening and forcing the Returning Officers (RO) nationwide to declare incorrect results.

These actions are so glaring that they have garnered significant attention, making it increasingly challenging for the military to sustain such practices. Grave concerns have been raised by international media and state departments about stifling the democratic voice of the people of Pakistan, and it appears that the military will inevitably have to yield the power to its true custodians – the people of Pakistan.

This article will collect the cases of election day and post-poll rigging cases from Pakistan General Elections 2024. (we will keep on updating this list as more and more cases come to light).

Note, throughout the examples, “PTI” refers to a PTI-backed candidate, who had to run as an independent after the SC’s controversial judgment in the Bat case.

On-going analysis of Form-45 and Form-47 of constituencies where the result has been falsely declared

NA-28: Peshawar

76% result

  • PTI: 52,796
  • Noor Alam Khan: 32,976

100% result

  • PTI: 65,119
  • Noor Alam Khan: 138,389
Pakistan election rigging
PTI backed candidate Sajid Nawaz was winning with a lead of 19,800 votes when 76% of results were compiled, but lost by over 73,000 votes eventually

NA-46: Islamabad

Result as per Form 45 (100% polling stations)

  • PTI-backed candidate: 85,793
  • Second-placed candidate: 42,043
  • PTI win margin: 43,745

Result consolidated by ECP on Form 47

  • PTI-backed candidate: 44,317
  • Second-placed candidate: 81,958

NA-47: Islamabad

Result as per Form 45 (100% polling stations)

  • PTI-backed candidate: 101,596
  • Second-placed candidate: 49,678
  • PTI win margin: 51,918

Result consolidated by ECP on Form 47

  • PTI-backed candidate: 86,794
  • Second-placed candidate: 101,397

NA-48: Islamabad

Result as per Form 45 (98% polling stations)

  • PTI-backed candidate: 74,425
  • Second-placed candidate: 30,345
  • PTI win margin: 44,080

Result consolidated by ECP on Form 47

  • PTI-backed candidate: 59,851
  • Second-placed candidate: 69,699

NA-49: Attock

Result as per Form 45 (100% polling stations)

  • PTI-backed candidate: 137,804
  • Second-placed candidate: 74,478
  • PTI win margin: 63,326

Result consolidated by ECP on Form 47

  • PTI-backed candidate: 110,230
  • Second-placed candidate: 119,727

NA-50: Attock

Result as per Form 45 (100% polling stations)

  • PTI-backed candidate: 117,571
  • Second-placed candidate: 93,815
  • PTI win margin: 23,696

Result consolidated by ECP on Form 47

  • PTI-backed candidate: 109,189
  • Second-placed candidate: 119,075

NA-53: Rawalpindi

Result as per Form 45 (100% polling stations)

  • PTI-backed candidate: 79,204
  • Second-placed candidate: 45,154
  • PTI win margin: 39,050

Result consolidated by ECP on Form 47

  • PTI-backed candidate: 58,476
  • Second-placed candidate: 72,006

NA-54: Rawalpindi

Result as per Form 45 (92% polling stations)

  • PTI-backed candidate: 96,488
  • Second-placed candidate: 42,845
  • PTI win margin: 53,643

Result consolidated by ECP on Form 47

  • PTI-backed candidate: 73,694
  • Second-placed candidate: 85,912

election rigging in Pakistan
PTI candidate Azra Masood was winning with a commanding lead of almost 50,000 votes when 84% of the results were completed.

NA-55: Rawalpindi

Result as per Form 45 (74% polling stations)

  • PTI-backed candidate: 80,418
  • Second-placed candidate: 38,697
  • PTI win margin: 41,721

Result consolidated by ECP on Form 47

  • PTI-backed candidate: 96,787
  • Second-placed candidate: 112,343

NA-56: Rawalpindi

Result as per Form 45 (92% polling stations)

  • PTI-backed candidate: 101,525
  • Second-placed candidate: 62,708
  • PTI win margin: 38,817

Result consolidated by ECP on Form 47

  • PTI-backed candidate: 82,613
  • Second-placed candidate: 96,649

NA-57: Rawalpindi

Result as per Form 45 (99% polling stations)

  • PTI-backed candidate: 101,622
  • Second-placed candidate: 50,149
  • PTI win margin: 51,473

Result consolidated by ECP on Form 47

  • PTI-backed candidate: 56,789
  • Second-placed candidate: 83,331

NA-58: Chakwal

Result as per Form 45 

  • PTI-backed candidate: 155,070
  • Second-placed candidate: 129,312
  • PTI win margin: 25,758

Result consolidated by ECP on Form 47

  • PTI-backed candidate: 102,537
  • Second-placed candidate: 115,974

NA-60: Jhelum

Result as per Form 45 (92% polling stations)

  • PTI-backed candidate: 105,283
  • Second-placed candidate: 62,135
  • PTI win margin: 43,148

Result consolidated by ECP on Form 47

  • PTI-backed candidate: 90,474
  • Second-placed candidate: 99,948

NA-64: Gujrat

Result as per Form 45 (100% polling stations)

  • PTI’s Qaisra Elahi: 151,373
  • PMLQ’s Salik Hussain: 28,204
  • PTI win margin: 123,171

Result consolidated by ECP on Form 47

  • PTI candidate’s votes: 90,946
  • Opposing candidate’s votes: 105,205

Ballot papers were also burnt, which as per evidence were cast for PTI’s Qaisra Elahi

Pakistan election rigging
Ballot papers in NA-64, evidently stamped in favour of PTI’s Qaisra Elahi, were burnt by the authorities
Election irregularities in pakistan
Ballot papers were burnt in Gujrat, in what was a massively rigged election

NA-71: Sialkot

Result as per Form 45 (67% polling stations)

  • PTI’s Rehana Dar: 88,278 
  • Opposing candidate: 57,360
  • PTI win margin: 30,918

Result consolidated by ECP on Form 47

  • PTI-backed candidate: 100,482
  • Second-placed candidate: 119,001

NA-87: Khushab

Result as per Form 45 (93% polling stations)

  • PTI-backed candidate: 123,759 
  • Second-placed candidate: 83,376
  • PTI win margin: 40,383

Result consolidated by ECP on Form 47

  • PTI-backed candidate: 108,308
  • Second-placed candidate: 117,773   

NA-106: Toba Tek Singh

Result as per Form 45 (100% polling stations)

  • PTI-backed candidate: 138,409 
  • Second-placed candidate: 132,673
  • PTI win margin: 5,736

Result consolidated by ECP on Form 47

  • PTI-backed candidate: 136,924
  • Second-placed candidate: 137,629   

NA-126: Lahore

Result as per Form 45 (100% polling stations)

  • PTI-backed candidate: 72,782 
  • Second-placed candidate: 39,608
  • PTI win margin: 33,174

Result consolidated by ECP on Form 47

  • PTI-backed candidate: 60,479

Second-placed candidate: 67,117

NA-128: Lahore

Result as per Form 45 (91% polling stations)

  • PTI-backed candidate: 142,727
  • Second-placed candidate: 59,900
  • PTI win margin: 82,827

Result consolidated by ECP on Form 47

  • PTI-backed candidate: 159,024
  • Second-placed candidate: 172,576

NA-130: Lahore

Result as per Form 45 (91% polling stations)

  • PTI-backed candidate: 101,933
  • Second-placed candidate: 80,895
  • PTI win margin: 21,038

Result consolidated by ECP on Form 47

  • PTI-backed candidate: 104,485
  • Second-placed candidate: 179,310

NA-139: Pakpattan

Result as per Form 45

  • PTI-backed candidate: 126,743
  • Second-placed candidate: 112,140
  • PTI win margin: 14,603

Result consolidated by ECP on Form 47

  • PTI-backed candidate: 116,493
  • Second-placed candidate: 121,383

NA-148: Multan

Result as per Form 45 (100% polling stations)

  • PTI-backed candidate: 75,422
  • Second-placed candidate: 68,956
  • PTI win margin: 6,466

Result consolidated by ECP on Form 47

  • PTI-backed candidate: 67,033
  • Second-placed candidate: 67,326

NA-151: Multan

Result as per Form 45 (100% polling stations)

  • PTI-backed candidate: 83,760
  • Second-placed candidate: 78,099
  • PTI win margin: 5,661

Result consolidated by ECP on Form 47

  • PTI-backed candidate: 71,649
  • Second-placed candidate: 79,080

NA-163: Bahawalnagar

Result as per Form 45 (99% polling stations)

  • PTI-backed candidate: 96,710
  • Second-placed candidate: 58,822
  • PTI win margin: 37,888

Result consolidated by ECP on Form 47

  • PTI-backed candidate: 75,115
  • Second-placed candidate: 84,312

NA-164: Bahawalnagar

Result as per Form 45 (99% polling stations)

  • PTI-backed candidate: 122,378
  • Second-placed candidate: 103,797
  • PTI win margin: 18,581

Result consolidated by ECP on Form 47

  • PTI-backed candidate: 117,140
  • Second-placed candidate: 123,360

NA-168: Bahawalpur

Result as per Form 45 (83% polling stations)

  • PTI-backed candidate: 86,248
  • Second-placed candidate: 52,249
  • PTI win margin: 33,999

Result consolidated by ECP on Form 47

  • PTI-backed candidate: 52,270
  • Second-placed candidate: 124,529

NA184: DG Khan

PTI candidate’s opponent, Javed Akhtar Lound, accepts that PTI’s Ali Muhammad Khalol has won the seat by a lead of 50,000+ on NA184, and PTI Sardar Farhat Abbas won with a lead of 15,000+ on PP286 but the results have been blatantly manipulated to deprive PTI of this victory.

NA-219Hyderabad

Result as per Form 45 (82% polling stations)

  • PTI-backed candidate: 52,999
  • Second-placed candidate: 18,276
  • PTI win margin: 34,723

Result consolidated by ECP on Form 47

  • PTI-backed candidate: 38,315
  • Second-placed candidate: 55,050

NA-220: Hyderabad

Result as per Form 45 (64% polling stations)

  • PTI-backed candidate: 34,756
  • Second-placed candidate: 24,252
  • PTI win margin: 10,504

Result consolidated by ECP on Form 47

  • PTI-backed candidate: 52,025
  • Second-placed candidate: 64,531

NA-232: Karachi

Result as per Form 45 (96% polling stations)

  • PTI-backed candidate: 74,469
  • Second-placed candidate: 18,479
  • PTI win margin: 55,990

Result consolidated by ECP on Form 47

  • PTI-backed candidate: 66,753
  • Second-placed candidate: 84,592

NA-233: Karachi

Result as per Form 45 (90% polling stations)

  • PTI-backed candidate: 61,801
  • Second-placed candidate: 15,779
  • PTI win margin: 46,022

Result consolidated by ECP on Form 47

  • PTI-backed candidate: 58,753
  • Second-placed candidate: 103,967

NA-234: Karachi

Result as per Form 45 (87% polling stations)

  • PTI-backed candidate: 55,227
  • Second-placed candidate: 9,907
  • PTI win margin: 45,320

Result consolidated by ECP on Form 47

  • PTI-backed candidate: 43,744
  • Second-placed candidate: 73,687

NA-235: Karachi

Result as per Form 45 (99% polling stations)

  • PTI-backed candidate: 21,788
  • Second-placed candidate: 2,464
  • PTI win margin: 19,324

Result consolidated by ECP on Form 47

  • PTI-backed candidate: 14,167
  • Second-placed candidate: 20,187

NA-236: Karachi

Result as per Form 45 (91% polling stations)

  • PTI-backed candidate: 103,639
  • Second-placed candidate: 7,481
  • PTI win margin: 96,158

Result consolidated by ECP on Form 47

  • PTI-backed candidate: 1,154
  • Second-placed candidate: 38,871

NA-237: Karachi

Result as per Form 45 (86% polling stations)

  • PTI-backed candidate: 43,915
  • Second-placed candidate: 21,457
  • PTI win margin: 22,458

Result consolidated by ECP on Form 47

  • PTI-backed candidate: 33,321
  • Second-placed candidate: 40,836

NA-238: Karachi

Result as per Form 45 (90% polling stations)

  • PTI-backed candidate: 77,841
  • Second-placed candidate: 30,983
  • PTI win margin: 46,858

Result consolidated by ECP on Form 47

  • PTI-backed candidate: 36,875
  • Second-placed candidate: 54,884

NA-239: Karachi

Result as per Form 45 (99% polling stations)

  • PTI-backed candidate: 41,066
  • Second-placed candidate: 35,252
  • PTI win margin: 5,814

Result consolidated by ECP on Form 47

  • PTI-backed candidate: 37,234
  • Second-placed candidate: 40,077

NA-240: Karachi

Result as per Form 45 (90% polling stations)

  • PTI-backed candidate: 42,435
  • Second-placed candidate: 10,706
  • PTI win margin: 31,729

Result consolidated by ECP on Form 47

  • PTI-backed candidate: 27,318
  • Second-placed candidate: 30,573

NA-241: Karachi

Result as per Form 45 (94% polling stations)

  • PTI-backed candidate: 78,044
  • Second-placed candidate: 20,558
  • PTI win margin: 57,486

Result consolidated by ECP on Form 47

  • PTI-backed candidate: 48,610
  • Second-placed candidate: 52,456

NA-242: Karachi

Result as per Form 45 (96% polling stations)

  • PTI-backed candidate: 52,957
  • Second-placed candidate: 22,932
  • PTI win margin: 30,025

Result consolidated by ECP on Form 47

  • PTI-backed candidate: 53,759
  • Second-placed candidate: 71,767

NA-243: Karachi

Result as per Form 45 (98% polling stations)

  • PTI-backed candidate: 50,295
  • Second-placed candidate: 46,049
  • PTI win margin: 4,246

Result consolidated by ECP on Form 47

  • PTI-backed candidate: 48,690
  • Second-placed candidate: 60,266

NA-244: Karachi

Result as per Form 45 (98% polling stations)

  • PTI-backed candidate: 19,497
  • Second-placed candidate: 7,445
  • PTI win margin: 12,052

Result consolidated by ECP on Form 47

  • PTI-backed candidate: 14,073
  • Second-placed candidate: 20,048

NA-245: Karachi

Result as per Form 45 (92% polling stations)

  • PTI-backed candidate: 38,519
  • Second-placed candidate: 11,522
  • PTI win margin: 26,997

Result consolidated by ECP on Form 47

  • PTI-backed candidate: 36,788
  • Second-placed candidate: 57,356

NA-246: Karachi

Result as per Form 45 (91% polling stations)

  • PTI-backed candidate: 52,114
  • Second-placed candidate: 28,136
  • PTI win margin: 23,978

Result consolidated by ECP on Form 47

  • PTI-backed candidate: 29,528
  • Second-placed candidate: 74,672

NA-247: Karachi

Result as per Form 45 (93% polling stations)

  • PTI-backed candidate: 50,749
  • Second-placed candidate: 21,646
  • PTI win margin: 29,103

Result consolidated by ECP on Form 47

  • PTI-backed candidate: 52,058
  • Second-placed candidate: 65,050

NA-248: Karachi

Result as per Form 45 (100% polling stations)

  • PTI-backed candidate: 68,444
  • Second-placed candidate: 15,271
  • PTI win margin: 53,173

Result consolidated by ECP on Form 47

  • PTI-backed candidate: 86,342
  • Second-placed candidate: 103,082

NA-249: Karachi

Result as per Form 45 (84% polling stations)

  • PTI-backed candidate: 53,044
  • Second-placed candidate: 21,829
  • PTI win margin: 31,215

Result consolidated by ECP on Form 47

  • PTI-backed candidate: 51,152
  • Second-placed candidate: 77,529

NA-250: Karachi

Result as per Form 45 (100% polling stations)

  • PTI-backed candidate: 65,304
  • Second-placed candidate: 8,799
  • PTI win margin: 56,505

Result consolidated by ECP on Form 47

  • PTI-backed candidate: 37,629
  • Second-placed candidate: 79,925

Other instances of election rigging, manipulation and irregularities during the Pakistan Elections 2024

Rawalpindi Division

On February 11, 2024, the commissioner of Rawalpindi, who was also appointed as the District Returning Officer for the Rawalpindi division confessed that he helped rig Pakistan’s elections on the 13 National Assembly seats in Rawalpindi division.

“We converted the losers into winners, reversing margins of 70,000 votes in 13 national assembly seats,” he told reporters, also implicating the head of the election commission and the country’s top judge.

The commissioner admitted he was “deeply involved in serious crime like mega election rigging 2024” and said that “stabbing the country in its back” does not allow him to sleep.

“I should be punished for the injustice I have done and others who were involved in this injustice should also be punished,” he added.

NA127: Lahore

PTI candidate Zaheer Khokhar was on the ballot paper but was missing from Form 45 – on which each polling station is results are compiled.

NA-128: Lahore

  • Aun Chaudhry and his 3 dozen goons attacked the RO Office. PTI volunteer Sameer Khosa was badly injured. After realising that he is losing by a huge margin, the goons disturb the counting process. Salman Akram Raja was evicted from the RO Office. The ballot boxes and Form 45 were at the mercy of unknown persons. SP Irtiza says he doesn’t believe in any law and evicted the PTI candidate during the counting process. Meanwhile, the police allowed the goons to enter the RO Office and beat everyone. 
  • Instead of arresting these goons and their leader, the police deprived the PTI candidate of his legal right to be present during the consolidation process. 

NA 130: Lahore

More valid votes than total votes cast

Total votes cast: 293,693

Valid votes counted: 294,043

NA-158: Vehari

The RO swapped the name of PTI’s candidate with PMLN’s candidate to make the PMLN candidate win

NA-242: Karachi

Qadir Khan Mandokhail, Pakistan People’s Party’s candidate for the NA-242 constituency of Karachi barged into a polling station with his gang

PS110: Karachi

Jibran Nasir, candidate PS110, and PTI’s opponent on the seat, shares that as per Form 45 received so far from 42 polling stations out of a total of 159 stations, PTI was leading, JI was second and he was third. However, the results of the remaining polling stations were being delayed & denied, using tactics such as not counting or Polling Staff making ridiculous excuses that they didn’t have a hard copy of Form 45 to fill and give to polling agents.

Peshawar

In Peshawar in Qayyum Stadium where ROs for NA-31 and NA-33 are sitting Elections Agents or Candidates are not allowed to enter. 

Lodhran

DPO Lodhran is pushing and punching the PTI agent out.